Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Journal Title: Gender differences in female and male Australian football concussion injury: A prospective observational study of emergency department presentations
Authors: Stella, Julian
Gill, Stephen
Lowry, Nicole
Reade, Tom
Baker, Tim
Kloot, Kate
Hayden, Georgina
Ryan, Matthew
Seward, Hugh
Page, Richard S.
SWH Author: Baker, Tim
Keywords: Australian Football
Emergency Medicine
Sports Injury
Issue Date: 27-May-2024
Date Accessioned: 2024-06-14T04:49:12Z
Date Available: 2024-06-14T04:49:12Z
Accession Number: 10.1111/1742-6723.14433
DOI: 10.1111/1742-6723.14433
Abstract: Abstract Objective To examine gender differences in Australian football (AF)-related concussion presentations to EDs in regional Australia. Methods A prospective observational study of patients presenting to 1 of the 10 EDs in Western Victoria, Australia, with an AF-related concussion was conducted. Patients were part of a larger study investigating AF injuries over a complete AF season, including pre-season training and practice matches. Information regarding concussion injuries was extracted from patient medical records, including clinical features, concurrent injuries, mechanism and context of injury. Female and male data were compared with chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results From the original cohort of 1635 patients with AF-related injuries (242 female and 1393 male), 231 (14.1%) patients were diagnosed with concussion. Thirty-eight (15.7%) females had concussions versus 193 (13.9%) males (P > 0.05). Females over the age of 16 were more likely to be concussed than males in the same age range (females n = 26, 68.4% vs males n = 94, 48.7%; P = 0.026). Neurosurgically significant head injury was rare (one case). Similar rates of concurrent injury were found between females 15 (39.5%) and males 64 (33.2%), with neck injury the single most common in 24 (10.3%) concussions. Sixty-nine patients (29%) were admitted for observation or to await the results of scans. The majority of concussions occurred in match play (87.9%). Females were more likely injured in contested ball situations (63.2% vs 37.3%; P < 0.05). Conclusion Concussion rates for community-level AF presentations to regional EDs were similar between genders. Serious head injury was rare, although hospital admission for observation was common. Concurrent injuries were common, with associated neck injury most often identified. Match play accounted for the majority of head injuries.
Journal Title: Emergency Medicine Australasia
ISSN: 1742-6731
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:SWH Staff Publications

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Google Media

Google ScholarTM

Who's citing